In the hands of the best cubans doctors offered to Eswatini as part of the Cuban Medical Brigade, that has been collaborating for more than 14 years, one of these doctors is Dr. Julio Enrique Ventura Garcia, from Villa Clara province in the central part of Cuba, He today provides medical assistance in Siteki region and tells us: lung cancer is considered the malignant tumor that produces more deaths in the world than other cancers with higher incidence in the general population, such as the colon or the breast, since its detection in early stages is difficult and in 90 % of cases are diagnosed in advanced stages where the treatment is no longer as effective.
However, despite its high mortality is one of the most preventable cancers because its origin is directly linked to smoking and stop smoking or not, it is the best possible prevention. The main cause is the exposure to tobacco smoke by inhalation of the carcinogenic substances that tobacco smoke has. 90% of lung cancer cases occur in smokers since smoking increases up to 30 times the chances of developing lung carcinoma.
Other genetic or environmental causes, such as the inhalation of asbestos, asbestos or aromatic hydrocarbons and other pulmonary diseases such as COPD or pulmonary fibrosis, can also be the origin of a lung tumor, but its incidence is significantly lower.
At the Siteki Hospital he was treated a 68-year-old male patient with a history of being a smoker. With several treatments for respiratory infections repeated months ago to date. That comes to consultation for wet cough of months of evolution, chest pain of a month of evolution in right hemithorax, weight loss, marked decay. Upon physical examination, we found sibilants and subcretants in the right hemithorax.
X-ray of the thorax and sputum were indicated, which were negative for tuberculosis, but due to the Rx findings, the patient’s history and the clinical signs and symptoms, we thought of a lung tumor and decided to refer it to the Government Hospital in Mbabane City with indication of lung’s TAC and cytological sputum for diagnosis and the doctor is given an appointment for the next consultation to reevaluate the results of the radiographic studies.